Asbestos in the Military

After World War I, the need for asbestos grew and the mineral was incorporated into textiles, insulation, and building materials for the military. Today, the negative effects of asbestos are better known, and veterans are one of the groups most susceptible to developing mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma Vets - Asbestos in the Military

History of Asbestos Use in the Military

Asbestos is a naturally-occurring mineral that was used as early as 2500 B.C.E. to strengthen clay pottery in Finland. Other civilizations around the world have also used the mineral over time. With the turn of the 19th century, however, asbestos was incorporated into modern industries. This led the U.S. military to do the same. Asbestos’s strength, flexibility, and heat resistance made it the answer to everything the military needed. It was used in textiles, insulation, concrete, and machines.

Leading up to World War II, the mineral became even more of a necessity. Demand grew, and by 1910, the U.S. had purchased 43 percent of the 109,000 metric tons of the world’s asbestos. This was due, in large part, to a development that made the mass production of asbestos-cement easy and inexpensive.

The mineral seemed like the perfect solution to both keep up with wartime demand and post-war rebuilding. It continued to be used after WWII and was incorporated in most military bases and equipment. Demand peaked in the 1970s, despite a conclusive connection between prolonged exposure to the mineral’s harmful fibers and cancer in the 1960s, classifying it as a carcinogen.

Veterans who were diagnosed with mesothelioma may be eligible for VA compensation. To find out if you qualify, speak with a patient advocate today.

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Where Is Asbestos Used in the Military?

Asbestos wasn’t just used in the concrete and steel used to construct military bases but in commercial and construction products that were supplied to the military. Products like boilers, parts for different vehicles, and sealants were made with the mineral as a way to make them extra durable. While manufacturers began phasing the material out of new products made in the 1980s and later, there were no requirements to remove the existing carcinogen. This means that soldiers today (especially those with certain occupations) are still at risk of exposure on older bases.

Every military branch used asbestos for decades. While certain branches were at greater risk for exposure, like the Navy, all veterans today are in danger of developing asbestos-related diseases. This is due to asbestos being used everywhere from paint to planes. Its fire retardant abilities meant that the military could create “safer” environments. Even today, despite the known risks, many hold asbestos in high regard and believe that the military and the rest of the country wouldn’t be where it is today if it weren’t for the carcinogen.

At one time, the mineral was used in over 3,000 products. Within any given base, the toxin could be found in:

  • Paper products
  • Cement panels and pipes
  • Brake pads
  • Insulation
  • Corrugated sheeting
  • Roofing materials and shingles
  • Ceiling tiles
  • Boilers
  • Corrosive chemical containers
  • Heat-protective pads
  • Laboratory furniture
  • Pipe coverings
  • Sealants and caulking
  • Textiles and heat-resistant fabrics
  • Paint
  • Patching compounds

Many of these contaminated items are still around today, making them an ever-present hazard for men and women serving in the military. The danger is heightened for roles like construction or plumbing that have to maintain and repair buildings and equipment.

The Dangers of Prolonged Exposure to Veterans

Today, the dangers of asbestos are well known. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Toxicology Program (NTP), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) all recognize asbestos and similar minerals as carcinogens. Unfortunately, given the long latency period for related diseases, veterans who haven’t actively served in decades are still being diagnosed with diseases like mesothelioma today.

Veterans and Mesothelioma

There are only 3,300 cases of mesothelioma diagnosed every year. One-third of these cases are veterans. This is due to the number of men and women who lived and worked in areas heavily polluted with asbestos. In instances where the toxic fibers have been disturbed, microscopic barbs can easily be inhaled. They settle in the mesothelium, the protective layer around organs in the chest and abdomen, and create friction. These thorn-like fibers can then create scars that can grow and develop into cancerous cells.

Exposure to asbestos has been linked to three prominent forms of mesothelioma: pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma, and pericardial mesothelioma.

The most common form, pleural mesothelioma, affects the pleural lining of the lungs. This is the easiest area for the harmful fibers to reach. It’s rarer (but still possible) for the microscopic fibers to make their way to the abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma), or the heart (pericardial mesothelioma).

Other Related Diseases Veterans May Suffer From

Despite how rare mesothelioma is, it’s the best-known disease that results from prolonged exposure to asbestos. However, it’s far from the only one. The carcinogen has been known to cause a number of cancers, mostly from inhaling friable (i.e., easily crumbled) fibers. Today, clear links have been established to cancers, like:

  • Lung cancer
  • Larynx cancer
  • Ovarian cancer

While there is less evidence, it is also suspected that asbestos is tied to some forms of:

  • Throat cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Rectal cancer

If you’re a veteran and have been diagnosed with one of the above diseases, it is possible that you suffered prolonged exposure to hazardous toxins. While this is unfortunate, there are still a growing number of therapies to try and compensation to be had.

Veterans with mesothelioma can take action without affecting their benefits.

(205) 271-4100

What to Do After You’ve Been Exposed

Given the time between exposure and symptoms, it’s impossible to know how or if exposure to asbestos will affect someone immediately. It could be 10 to 60 years before cancer develops after initial exposure. It is also unlikely for mesothelioma to develop from a one-time contact. That is why veterans, many of which will be subjected to asbestos multiple times through their service, make up one-third of mesothelioma diagnoses.

If you or a loved one served in the United States military and believe you have the symptoms of mesothelioma or some other asbestos-related disease, you may be entitled to benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). In cases where you are not (such as those who were dishonorably discharged), it is still possible to receive compensation through legal action. Receive a free case evaluation and discover your options.

Author: Cooper Smith – Last Edited: April 10, 2020

Sources

Dana M. Hollins, et. al. (2009) A Visual Historical Review of Exposure to Asbestos at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (1962–1972). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B, 12:2, 124-156. Retrieved on August 20, 2019, from DOI: 10.1080/10937400902729176

John E. Till, et. al. (2019). Asbestos exposure and mesothelioma mortality among atomic veterans, International Journal of Radiation Biology. Retrieved on August 20, 2019, from DOI: 10.1080/09553002.2018.1551641

Ohio State University. (n.d.). Environmental Health and Safety. Retrieved on August 20, 2019, from https://ehs.oregonstate.edu/asb-when

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Learn About Asbestos. Retrieved on August 20, 2019, from https://www.epa.gov/asbestos/learn-about-asbestos#find

Zaebst DD, et. al. (2009). Summary of retrospective asbestos and welding fume exposure estimates for a nuclear naval shipyard and their correlation with radiation exposure estimates. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene. 2009;6(7):404-414. Retrieved on August 19, 2019, from DOI: 10.1080/15459620902922573